MALE INFERTILITY: BASIC REVIEW

infertility in male
  In this post, you will learn about male infertility issues. Healthy fertile men continue to make sperm throughout their lives. Fresh sperm is made daily in a large quantities to the extent that fresh sperm have been made with every heartbeat. For an infertile man, this might be due to an underlying medical condition, for example, heart disease, diabetes, high cholesterol, thyroid disease, etc. As a male, your fertility depends on the quality and quantity of your sperm. If the number of sperm in your ejaculate is low or if the sperm is of poor quality, it will be difficult and, in some cases, impossible to get pregnant.  It is important to look for any underlying condition. There may also be featured in the man’s past medical or surgical history indicating a cause for Infertility. For example, a man has undergone an operation to bring down an undescended testicle. A man who is got a varicocele, a varicose vein around the testicle, may also be the reason for his male Infertility. 

Causes:

Infertility can be caused by low sperm production or sperm that simply doesn’t work as it should. Infertility can also be caused by physical problems, such as blockage in the tubes that lead from the testicles to the penis. Other less common causes of Infertility include sexual problems that affect whether the semen is able to enter the vagina or low levels of hormones made in the pituitary gland that affect the testicles and sperm antibodies.  Simply male infertility cause is simply genetic. The most common genetic cause is chromosomal conditions that affect the way that the sperm is produced, such as Klinefelter syndrome, Y chromosome deletions, and other genetic problems like down syndrome.  If there is a history of infections, particularly repeated infections, this can also affect fertility. With regards to the investigation, a key step is a detailed semen analysis, and this is done by a fully trained reproductive doctor or sex therapist according to criteria set down by the world health organization.  The man might also need to have a series of blood tests carried out, including measuring testosterone and, for men with very low sperm counts, genetic testing, chromosome analysis or testicular ultrasound.

How is Infertility diagnosed?

Infertility is diagnosed after a couple has been trying to achieve pregnancy for a year with regular, unprotected intercourse. In up to 50% of cases, Infertility is due to male factors, the causes of which range from physical obstruction of sperm passage to genetic defects that affect sperm production. It is treatable in many men, and understanding the causes and approach to this condition will help the physician diagnose and treat the infertile male.

Can old age cause male fertility problems?

Healthy men in their 70’s and beyond can still father children, although if you are middle-aged or older, it usually takes longer for your partner to become pregnant, and this might be because of less sexual activity or lower semen volume, changes in sperm movement, or a lower number of properly working sperm or possibly lower sperm function and DNA quality.

The common symptoms of Infertility in men

In most cases, there are no obvious signs of Infertility, but sometimes, the common symptoms are as follows: 
  • Erectile Dysfunction
  • Changes in sexual desire
  • Premature Ejaculation
  • Testicle pain or swelling
  • Small, firm testicles

Treatment of Male Infertility

Most Common:

  • Blood tests
  • Semen analysis
  • Physical Exam

Other Tests:

  • Genetic testing
  • Ultrasound
  • Testicular Biopsy
Laboratory testing in the setting of male Infertility consists of semen analysis and hormone evaluation. Ultrasound imaging can assess ejaculatory duct obstruction via the determination of seminal vesicle size and ejaculation for prostatic cysts and can help confirm varicocele. Treatment includes both medical and surgical therapy. Medical therapy can mitigate hormonal imbalance and potentially improve sperm production, whereas surgical approaches can be used to bypass structural abnormalities or obtain sperm for use with assisted reproductive technologies.  Medication that may be used to treat abnormal hormone levels  men with low sperm counts includes chronic human gonadotropin, selective estrogen receptor modulators, and aromatase inhibitors. 

Busting Myths about Male Factor Infertility

  • 30% of infertility cases are caused by male Infertility,
  • Male fertility declines with age.
  • The health of sperm also declines with age.

Smart Strategies for Resolving Male Infertility

  • Maintain a healthy weight.
  • Quit smoking.
  • Avoid drugs.
  • Take Vitamins because sperm may clump with low Vitamin C and Zinc levels.
  • Exercise regularly.
  • Reduce exposure to chemicals.
  • Reduce stress.
  • Adequate sleep.
  • Avoid caffeine.

Important Nutrition Elements for Man

  • ZINC: Improve sperm quality.
  • OMEGA 3: Enhance sperm mobility.
  • VITAMIN E: Antioxidant.
  • SELENIUM: Important for sperm development.
  • GREEN TEA EXTRACT: Anti-inflammation.
  • L-CARNITINE: Enhance sperm energy
 

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.